Pyrus communis

Pyrus communis (common pear) is a species of pear native to Central and Eastern Europe and Western Asia.

It is one of the most important fruits of temperate regions and is the species from which most orchard pear varieties grown in Europe, North America and Australia are developed. Two of his other pear species, the pear (Pyrus pyrifolia) and the hybrid Chinese white pear or willow (Pyrus × bretschneideri, Chinese: white pear; pinyin: báilí), are more widespread in East Asia.

content
1 subtaxon
2 Origin
3 Cultivation
3.1 Main varieties
3.2 Selection of common pear varieties
4 Galleries
5 references
6 External links
Subtaxa
The following variants are currently accepted: [2]

Pyrus communis subsp. caucasica (Fed.) Browicz – Turkey, Caucasus
Pyrus communis subsp. Communis - all ranges except Caucasus
Yuan
Cultivated pears (P. Communis subspecies. communis) is probably descended from his two subspecies of wild pear known as P. communis subsp. Pilasters (syn. P pyraster) and P. communis subsp. caucasica (syn. P. caucasica) mixed with cultivated pears. Archaeological evidence indicates that these pears were "collected from the wild long before they were introduced into cultivation," according to Zohari and Hopp.[4] "Reliable information on the cultivation of pears first appears in the works of Greek and Roman writers: Cultivation and Processing of Pears."

Cultivation

pear flower

small unripe pear
Regular pear trees are not as hardy as apples, but they are about as hardy. However, it needs a cold winter to bear fruit. There are many caterpillars feeding on pear tree leaves.

For the best and most consistent quality, pears are usually harvested when the fruit is ripe, but before they are ripe. Fruit that ripen on the tree often fall before they can be picked, and are always difficult to pick intact. Pears are stored (and shipped) in a ripe but immature state when chilled, and can be ripened later. This is a process called bleeding.Some varieties, such as Beurre d'Anjou, only ripen under the influence of cold.

Fermented pear juice is called perry. In Britain, the place name 'Perry' may indicate the historical presence of the pear tree. A relatively small number of European or Asian pear varieties are grown on a large scale worldwide. Only about 20-25 European varieties and 10-20 Asian varieties are actually traded. of pears. Almost all European cultivars were incidental seedlings or selections originating from Western Europe, mainly France.Asian varieties all appeared.

 

William - Bartlett - Forelle - Bosque - Communis